What is Breast Cancer?

Cells in the body grows and multiply abnormally is the start of breast cancer. When the cells that normally control cell growth does not work properly anymore this cause the development of breast cancer also.

As a result of this the cells grow uncontrollably and may result in the formation of tumors. One of the most recognized symptoms of breast cancer are lumps and mass within the breast tissue.

Lumps may be felt under the skin and most individuals do not find out about signs of cancer until they revealed by image test such as mammogram (breast -X-ray)


In addition to the signs of lumps and masses it is important to also observe and be aware of any other changes of the breast and nipple.

Such signs include:

  • a lump or thickness in or near the breast or under the arm
  • unexplained swelling or shrinkage of the breast, particularly on one side only
  • dimpling or puckering of the breast,nipple discharge (fluid) other than breast milk that occurs without squeezing the nipple
  • breast skin changes, such as redness, flaking, thickening, or pitting that looks like the skin of an orange a nipple that becomes sunken (inverted), red, thick, or scaled

Breast cancer in Men

You should not be surprised to find out that men can retrieve breast cancer. Even though breast cancer occurs mainly in women; breast cancer starts out within the breast tissue. Cells in nearly any part of the body can cause cancers.

Between the age of 9 and 10 both young boys and girls have a small amount of breast tissue consisting of a few ducts located under the nipple and areola.

Even after puberty, boys and men normally have low levels of female hormones, and breast tissue doesn’t grow much. Men’s breast tissue has ducts.

When to get evaluated?

  • Women ages 40 to 44 should have the choice to start annual breast cancer screening with mammograms (x-rays of the breast) if they wish to do so.
  • Women age 45 to 54 should get mammograms every year.
  • Women 55 and older should switch to mammograms every 2 years, or can continue yearly screening.
  • Screening should continue as long as a woman is in good health and is expected to live 10 more years or longer.
  • All women should be familiar with the known benefits, limitations, and potential harms linked to breast cancer screening.
Women should also know how their breasts normally look and feel and report any breast changes to a health care provider right away. Some women – because of their family history, a genetic tendency, or certain other factors – should be screened with MRI’s along with mammograms.

Junior Griffiths
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